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The National Eisteddfod of Wales
From: 2014.08.04 To: 2014.08.11
The National Eisteddfod of Wales is a major festival which provides an opportunity for visitors to be part of a convivial gathering to celebrate Wales' wealth of culture. Did you know that the first Eisteddfod was held in Cardigan back in 1176, but was revived and held in its present form in Aberdare in 1860. The Eisteddfod is one of the world's greatest festivals, and one of the oldest manifestations of Welsh culture and heritage that attracts around 160,000 visitors annually. It also plays an important role in the life of a nation by promoting the Welsh language and the arts. The Eisteddfod is also a launch pad for Wales' most talented performers - the famous Welsh baritone Bryn Terfel is a former Eisteddfod winner! The Pavilion is the focus of the Eisteddfod. This is where the ceremonies, competitions and the concerts take place. On the field there's also a theatre, an art and crafts exhibition, a literary tent, a Welsh learners pavilion (Maes D), a science and technology exhibition and a pulsating youth tent (Maes B) as well as over 300 stands. The evenings are full of entertainment too - on the field and in the local area: pop, folk, rock and hip hop concerts, classical plays, comedy shows and lots of parties for people of all ages! The Order of the Bards (Gorsedd) consists of bards of course, but also people who have made a distinguished contribution to the Welsh nation, language and culture. Members of the Order are dressed in white, blue or green robes according to their rank or order. The people in white are the most important! The Order is responsible for three main events held in the main Eisteddfod pavilion: the Crowning of the Bard, the Prose Medal and the Chairing of the Bard ceremonies. It costs around £3.1 million to stage the Eisteddfod every year. Local communities are responsible for raising a large proportion of the money through fund-raising activities, which brings the local people together to enjoy a whole calendar of social activities.